Table of Contents
- How many seed companies are there in the US?
- What are the 3 largest seed companies in the world?
- What are the best seed company?
- Is American seed company owned by Monsanto?
- U.S. Seed Companies – Cucurbit Breeding
- USA Garden Plant & Seed Sources (Listed By State)
- 15 top seed companies for home gardeners
- Best Vegetable Seed Companies
- The Complete List of Heirloom Seed Companies in the US by …
- 75 Seed Companies we Recommend Taking a Look at and …
- The 10 Best Seed Companies For Heirloom And Non-GMO …
75 Recommended Seed Companies
These are all companies that we have ordered from at least once within the past 5 years – with more than half of them being ones we order from every year!
Hannah Traggis, VP and Grower, Aurelia’s Garden Inc.
Order fulfillment and the time it could take to receive your seeds: Keep in mind that the small seed companies are doing the best they can to fulfill orders but, due to COVID, have limitations on how many people can be in their seed packing and fulfillment stations at a time. For example, Fedco has their staff taking shifts 24 hrs per day trying to pack and ship your orders and there are not a lot of them on staff – so a very tired crew is behind that little box or package you receive. These seed companies have been operating like this since the pandemic started so have patience and please support the ‘little guys’ if and when you can!
Where does the seed a company sells come from? Note that the larger seed companies such as Johnny’s Selected Seeds, High Mowing, and Burpee’s – sell seeds that are grown all over the world. They do not grow all of their own seeds – they try to grow some themselves – and they also contract with as many American growers as they can. They also often contract with growers overseas to purchase seeds. This is not a bad thing, it is just a fact. There are many incredibly skilled seed farmers across the globe that specialize in the unique art of growing seeds! These seed sources offer a lot of workhorse varieties that our farmers rely on and in that capacity, serve a vital role for our farmers.
Please also take a closer look at many of the smaller seed companies on our list. Many of these companies grow much of the seed they sell and, through that process, effectively adapt the varieties they sell to their environment over time. The work of producing high quality seed is challenging enough, the extra work to steward the varieties in a way that leads to regional adaptation, requires additional skill and diligence. Please consider supporting these efforts by purchasing seeds from them!
“Regionally Adapted”, “Bioregionally adapted”: keep in mind that while many of the companies below sell varieties that have been selected over the years to grow well in their bioregions, the overall premise of open pollinated seeds is their inherent adaptability to broader conditions. So if you see a really interesting variety from a company in Oregon, go ahead and give it a try! I have had HUGE success with many of these. For example, Adaptive Seeds, a small family farm in Oregon, sells many landrace and heirloom varieties originally from central/eastern Europe, a portion of the world that is climatically very similar to the northeast U.S. \
Northeast Regional seed companies:
- Turtle Tree Biodynamic seeds, Copake NY – Demeter Certified Biodynamic Seeds – they work to adapt the seeds they sell to our region and also grow many of the seeds they sell. They have also bred many of their own varieties for production right here in the northeast. All Open Pollinated seeds – owner Lia Babitch is one of my best friends
- Hudson Valley Seed Company – Hudson Valley – All Open Pollinated seeds, most produced on their organic certified farm in New York where they have been regionally adapted. Committed to ethical stewardship and production of seeds. – tons of grower advice in their library
- Fruition Seeds – Naples NY – Organic certified, regionally adapted seeds, work with Cornell to breed locally adapted varieties (try their Nantes carrots!!!). All Open Pollinated seeds – Petra has many wonderful ‘how-to’ videos
- Fedco Seeds – Maine – both Open Pollinated and Hybrid Seed, most organic certified, Cooperatively owned company that works with regional farmers to grow a lot of the seed they sell within the northeast
- Pinetree Garden Seeds – Maine – family owned and operated, small seed company – many Open Pollinated and Organic certified seeds and supplies – have a great selection of Hops!
- Vermont Bean Seed Company – Vermont – Great source for regional heirloom beans as well as many wonderful beans from around the world – Vegetables, herbs, and flowers too! – also a good source for All American Selections vegetable varieties – and, the only retail source for the Eastham Turnip seeds!
- Wood Prairie Farm – Maine – family owned – certified organic seed potatoes (large variety), vegetable and cover crop seeds as well as organic culinary potatoes. Jim Gerritsen has been a leader in the organic movement since the early 70’s – everything is excellent quality
- Maine Potato Lady – certified organic seed potatoes – heritage grain seeds and the hard to find potato onion!
- Nourse Farms – Western MA family farm – specializing in live, bare root plants – very well known and respected for their berry plants of all kinds (especially good selection of bare root strawberries) as well as asparagus, rhubarb, and horse radish
- Whatley Farm – Topsham Maine – Garlic seed – small, organic family farm
- True Love Seeds – “a farm-based seed company offering culturally important and open pollinated vegetable, herb, and flower seeds. Our seeds are grown by more than 20 small-scale urban and rural farmers committed to community food sovereignty, cultural preservation, and sustainable agriculture.” AND check out their new podcast “Seeds and Their People”!
- Experimental Farm Network – The Experimental Farm Network (EFN) works to facilitate collaborative plant breeding and sustainable agriculture research in order to fight global climate change, preserve the natural environment, and ensure food security for humanity into the distant future.
- Rooftop Ready Seeds – Brooklyn NY – seeds grown in and for densely urban areas
- Chile Plants – Stockton, NJ – online live plant orders and seed catalog – Choose from 500 varieties of Chile and Sweet Pepper Plants – 200 Varieties of Tomato Plants – 75 Varieties of Eggplant Plants – Locals can also choose from 120 varieties of Basil Plants – 20 varieties of Tomatillo Plants – and 8 varieties of Cilantro!
- High Mowing Organic Seeds – Vermont – all organic seeds, very popular supplier for organic farms in the northeast – robust breeding and trialing program to provide regional specific information about varieties they sell
- Johnny’s Selected Seeds – Albion Maine – one of the most popular seed companies for small farmers in the country – have a robust and active vegetable breeding program, producing many new varieties each year.
- Wild Seed Project – Heather McCargo, formerly of New England Wildflower Society (when it was still called that), started this wonderful ecotype specific, native plant seed company in Maine!
- Yonder Hill Farm – Chris Sanford has been breeding her own vegetables and growing all the seed her farm sells for over a decade. Adapted to the cold climate of northeastern North America, these top quality seeds deserve a spot in your production plan this year!
Additional eastern U.S. seed companies (from Appalachia to the Atlantic)
- Wild Wood Farms – Kris Hubbard is a Cherokee ethnobotanist and herbalist living in Appalachia. His extensive seed collection includes wild collected ecotype seeds from the forests and environs surrounding his family homestead. He also has an extensive offering of heirloom vegetable, flower, and herb seeds. Link brings you to his facebook page through which he does most of his business.
- Two Seeds in a Pod – Mehmet Oztan and wife Amy Thompson run this small family and farmer-owned, flavor-oriented seed company that was founded in 2013. They specialize in Turkish/Anatolian seed varieties, and offer seeds from all around the world.
- Common Wealth Seed Growers – Central Atlantic seed growers cooperative – also doing research and plant breeding working with several crops including downy mildew resistance in cucumber with Cornel University.
- Southern Exposure Seed Exchange – Offering many unusual Southern heirlooms, SESE is proud that over 60% of the seed they sell is grown by small farmers that they know. Specializing in varieties that do well in the mid-Atlantic and southeast, growers all over the country have very good success with many of their varieties. I regularly order all sorts of interesting things and everything has done well here in Massachusetts.
- Monticello – Thomas Jefferson homestead museum and gardens selling many of the seeds originally stewarded and studied by Thomas Jefferson and early American settlers. Heirloom seeds and nice garden accessories
- Sow True Seed – North Carolina based farm and seed company
Other, really great, independent seed companies located across the rest of the country, Canada, Puerto Rico – and even one from Ireland! Many of these are small, family owned and operated farms that grow most, if not all, of the seed they sell. (in no particular order)
- Seed Savers Exchange – Decorah Iowa, the company that truly helped launch the heirloom seed movement in America
- Cultivariable – Totally unique site, Bill Whitman is a plant breeder specializing in growing and breeding an enormous diversity of Andean root crops including potatoes, oca, ulloca, yacon and so many more unique and exciting edibles!
- The Wasabi Store – YES, true wasabi plants from Oregon Coast Wasabi. These are NOT mustard plants that are hot like wasabi, these are the actual source of the wasabi you eat with your sushi! These plants can be tough to grow at first, but when you get their cultivation requirements dialed in, it is incredibly rewarding to harvest your own, true wasabi!
- Adaptive Seeds – Husband and wife farmer team that have traveled extensively through eastern Europe and southeast Asia through various agricultural partnerships collecting seeds that they now grow and sell – some really unique varieties here including several collected in Romania that perform exceptionally well here in New England. Grow most of the seeds they sell
- Uprising Seeds – Another great husband and wife team from Washington State – growing most of the seed they sell and maintaining very high quality and carefully selected seed stock (i.e. they produce very healthy seeds!)
- Siskiyou Seeds – Open pollinated, biodynamic, Don Tipping is a fantastic farmer/plant breeder and has been working on breeding new flowers as well as incredible vegetables (check out his new cactus flowering zinnias!). They grow almost all of the seeds they sell!
- Quail Seeds – Jamie Chevalier and family have been growing seeds for decades. Starting on a small family homestead outside of Sitka Alaska, they moved to northern California 15 years ago and were part of the former Bountiful Seeds company. They now own and operate Quail Seeds, growing all of the wonderful seeds they sell, including lots of beautiful heirloom flowers and herbs.
- Wild Garden Seeds – Frank Morton is considered one of the greatest Elders of Organic Agriculture. A pioneer organic farmer in many ways, Frank has also lead the way for farmer-plant breeders having created many of his own vegetable varieties. Frank bred the lettuce variety ‘Outredgeous’ which traveled into outer space and was grown at the International Space Station in 2014! Selected because of naturally low bacteria levels on its leaves, this red romaine truly proved itself to be ‘out of this world’! …like all of Frank’s varieties – truly special farmer and seed company!
- Kitazawa Seed Company – San Francisco based seed company specializing in a wide and wonderful array of Asian specialty varieties – lots of hard to find vegetables!
- Prairie Road Organic Seeds – Dan and Theresa Podoll are farmer/plant breeders that have created several new organic vegetables for production on their farm in North Dakota. All of their varieties perform very well here in New England! Personal favorites are: Dakota Tears onion; Fargo yellow pear tomato; Uncle David’s Dakota Dessert winter squash; Dakota Rose watermelon and so many more! Also have GREAT seed garlic available, but order that early!
- Meadowlark Hearth – A Nebraska biodynamic farm run by Beth and Nathan Corymb who have been farming vegetables, animals, and growing seeds together for over 30 years.
- Restoration Seeds – All certified organic, open pollinated, open source seeds
- Victory – Grow a lot of the seeds they sell
- Seed rEvolution – Farmer/plant breeder Steve Peters – exceptional varieties such as Dark Star zucchini and many original tomato varieties bred to replace popular F1 hybrids. Email us at [email protected] for contact information for Steve.
- MIgardener – Eclectic collection of seeds with lots of helpful growing information to boot!
- Irish Eyes Garden Seeds – small family owned farm and seed company in central Washington
- San Diego Seed Co – Small independent seed company growing and selling seeds adapted to southern California – if you know someone on the southwest coast and they need seeds, send them here!
- West Coast Seeds – Small family owned seed company with a great selection of interesting varieties!
- Osborne Quality Seeds – this small company does a fantastic job supplying high quality seeds for farmers – great people to work with and they have a strong trialing program that ensure the varieties they sell perform really well.
- Garlicana – yup, garlic – just like the name! A true specialty garlic source!
- Cultivariable – plant breeder specializing in unusual root crops and potato breeding. Very interesting material here and fascinating to read some very technical information
- Filaree Garlic Farm – certified organic garlic, shallots, potatoes and some other great stuff
- BJ Gourmet Garlic – great source of bulk quantities of seed garlic
- Tomato Fest – you guessed it… tomatoes! And lots of ‘em!
- Seeds of Italy (Franchi’s retail site) – Specializing in Italian vegetable, herb, and flower seeds under the ‘Franchi’ brand name.
- Italian Seed and Tool (Bavicchi Seeds, also called Gourmet Seeds – all the same company!) Specializing in Bavicchi Italian vegetable seeds
- Italian Garden Seeds – Specializing in Italian heirloom vegetable and herb seeds!
- Mountain Rose Herbs – Eugene Oregon – unique selection of herbs that go beyond culinary uses
- Outside Pride – Seed company in Willamette Valley, OR, offering bulk quantity seed lots for farmers. Good source for a group to purchase a lot of seed to them divide up among themselves.
- Terroir Seeds (Underwood Gardens) – great seeds, great blog, interesting and unusual Mexican herbs!
- Strictly Medicinal Seeds and Horizon Herbs – Williams Oregon, organic herb seeds
- The Garden Studio – nice eclectic mix with some unusual, rare heirlooms
- Brown Envelope Seeds – all organic farm in West Cork, Ireland. I met this company at a seed conference and swap several years ago – beautiful work and interesting varieties!
- Gonzalez Agrogardens – Seed company from Puerto Rico offering lots of foods culturally important to our Puerto Rican communities including GANDULES, which, with a few helpful considerations, will grow and produce gandul peas in our climate!!!!
and yes, I even happily order from: (large seed communities)
- Harris Seeds – Harris Seeds sells bulk quantities of seeds for farmers and smaller packets for the home gardener.
- Jung Seeds
- Select Seeds
- Renee’s Garden
- Botanical Interests
- Territorial Seeds
- Reimer Seeds
- Veseys Seeds
- Native Seed Search
- Seeds of Change
- D. Landreth Seed Company
- Sustainable Seed Company
- Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds
- John Scheepers Kitchen Garden Seeds
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How many seed companies are there in the US?
With over 750 companies involved in the seed business in the U.S., a commercial market value of approximately $14.51billion in 2020 (Mordor Intelligence), exports of $1.6 billion (USDA GATS) and over 60,000 varieties of planting seed, the US is the largest and most diverse planting seed market in the world, followed by ..
What are the 3 largest seed companies in the world?
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# Industry Rankings #Follow
|Company (Country)||2017 Sales (US$ mn)|
|1||Bayer (Monsanto) (Germany)?||10,913 2|
|2||Corteva Agriscience (US)||8,143|
|3||Syngenta (ChemChina) (China)||2,826|
|4||BASF (Germany)||1,805 4|
17 more rows?Nov 7, 2019
What are the best seed company?
These Are the 8 Best Places to Order Seeds Online
- Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. …
- Seed Savers Exchange. Seed Savers Exchange. …
- Park Seed. Park Seed. …
- Peaceful Valley Farm & Garden Supply. Peaceful Valley Farm. …
- Territorial Seed Company. …
- Kitazawa Seed Company. …
- Botanical Interests. …
- Adaptive Seeds.
Is American seed company owned by Monsanto?
American Seeds, Inc. (ASI), which was formed by Monsanto in 2004, serves as a holding company for regional seed companies that market primarily corn and soybeans
U.S. Seed Companies – Cucurbit Breeding
U.S. Seed Companies – Cucurbit BreedingCucurbit BreedingDr. Todd Wehner Department of Horticultural Science North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC 27695-7609 Phone: 919.741.8929 Email: [email protected] cucurbitbreeding.wordpress.ncsu.edu
USA Garden Plant & Seed Sources (Listed By State)
USA Garden Plant & Seed Sources (Listed By State) A directory of seed, bulb, and plant sources in the United States including catalogs and online shops. Listings are sorted by State. I also have a directory of Canadian seeds and plant sources listed by province. Seed Company Directory It is ideal to purchase seeds that are grown organically in your area (or a similar growing zone). The list is sorted by state.If a state is not listed, I do not currently have any listings for it. Related: How to Find Your Plant Hardiness Zone Number The History of Seed and Nursery Catalogs for GardenersHow to Understand Plant Names | Botanical LatinSimple Seed Guide: From Hybrids to Heirlooms United States Seed Companies Featured Affiliates SeedsNowBotanical InterestsHigh Mowing Organic SeedsWest Coast Seeds (Canada) Listings are alphabetical by State Alabama Tasteful Garden | Heflin, Alabama. Alaska Foundroot | Alaska Arizona Terroir Seeds LLC. Home of Underwood Gardens | ArizonaNative Seeds / SEARCH shop | Arizona Arkansas Dan the Seed Guy | Bella Vista, Arkansas California All Good Things Organic Seeds | Ojai, CaliforniaThe Natural Gardening Company | CaliforniaMountain Valley Growers | California, USALaurel’s Heirloom Tomato Plants | CaliforniaRenee’s Garden | CaliforniaThe Kusa Seed Society | CaliforniaPetaluma Seed Bank | CaliforniaSeeds of Change | CaliforniaBountiful Gardens | CaliforniaGrowOrganic.com | CaliforniaKitazawa Seed Co. | CaliforniaDiaspora Seeds | California – no longer onlineTomato Fest | CaliforniaCucumber Shop | Fairfield, California Colorado Farm Direct Organic Seed (Hobbs Family Farm) | ColoradoBotanical Interests | ColoradoBBB Seed | Colorado, USA. Connecticut John Scheepers Kitchen Garden Seeds | Bantam, ConnecticutNeseed | East Hartford, ConnecticutSelect Seeds | ConnecticutNew England Seed Company | Connecticut Florida Mary’s Heirloom Seeds | FloridaCrispy Farms | FloridaEden Organic Nursery Service Inc. | FloridaGrower Jim’s Plants and Produce | FloridaTomato Growers Supply Company | Fort Meyers, FL Hawaii NON-GMO Hawaii Heirloom Seeds | Honolulu, Hawaii – no longer online Idaho Garden Seed Supply | Jefferson County, Idaho – no longer online Illinois Burgess Seed & Plant Co. | IllinoisCamp Point Seed Co. | IllinoisAmerican Organic | Illinois Indiana Great Harvest Organics | IndianaGardens Alive | Lawrenceburg, IndianaGurney’s Seed & Nursery Co. | Greendale, IndianaUF Seeds | Westfield, IndianaUrban Farmer | Indiana Iowa Blue River Hybrids | IowaSeed Savers Exchange | Iowa Kansas Seeds From Italy | Lawrence, KS Kentucky Green Bean Heirlooms | Stamping Ground, KentuckySustainable Mountain Agriculture Center Inc. | Kentucky Maine Wood Prairie Farm | MaineFEDCO | MainePinetree Garden Seeds & Accessories | MaineJohnny’s Selected Seeds | Maine Massachusetts Got Tiny Seeds | Millis, MA [site not active] Michigan Annie’s Heirloom Seeds | MichiganTodd’s Seeds | MichiganOrganic Heirloom Plants | MichiganMarianna’s Heirloom Seeds | CopernishNature and Nurture Seeds | Ann Arbor45th Parallel Seeds | Michigan Minnesota Albert Lea Seed | MinnesotaPrairie Moon Nursery | Winona, MN Missouri Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds | MissouriGilbert H. Wild and Son | Reeds, Missouri New Jersey Dirt Goddess | SpartaToadshade Wildflower Farm | Frenchtown, NJ New Mexico Gourmet Seed | New Mexico New York Lakeview Organic Grain, LLC | New YorkHarris Seeds |New YorkHudson Valley Seed Library | New YorkThe Sample Seed Shop sampleseeds.com | Buffalo, New YorkTurtle Tree Seed | Copake, NY North Carolina Sow True Seed | Asheville Ohio Grimes | Concord, OhioLivingston Seed | Ohio Oklahoma Dust Bowl Seed | Oklahama – no longer active Oregon Adaptive Seeds | OregonDaggawalla Seeds and Herbs | OregonNichols Garden Nursery | Albany, OregonSiskiyou Seeds | Williams, ORStrictly Medicinal Seeds | Williams, ORTerritorial Seed Company | OregonVictory Seed Company | OregonWild Garden Seed | Philomath, OR Pennsylvania Amishland Heirloom Seeds | Pennsylvania [site not active]Burpee | PhiladelphiaD. Landreth Seed Company | New Freedom, PennsylvaniaHeirloom Seeds | PennsylvaniaThe Cook’s Garden | PennsylvaniaRohrer Seeds | Lancaster, PA South Carolina Park Seed | Hodges, South CarolinaWayside Gardens | Hodges, SC South Dakota Hillside Prairie Gardens | Brookings (offline as of March 2022) Tennessee New Hope Seed Company -out of business | Tennessee Texas Center Of The Webb | TexasDixondale…
15 top seed companies for home gardeners
15 top seed companies for home gardeners Disclosure: This article may contain affiliate links, meaning we may earn a small commission if readers purchase products through these links. As an Amazon Associate, we earn commission from qualifying purchases.Looking for garden seed companies that are trusted by real gardeners? These non-GMO seeds have been tested and reviewed by gardening experts and experienced home gardeners. Here’s what real gardeners have to say about the best vegetable seeds, flower seeds, and herb seeds for sale online and in local garden stores. Burpee SeedsBotanical Interests SeedsHoss Garden SeedsRenee’s Garden SeedsHigh Mowing SeedsEden BrothersTerritorial SeedBaker Creek Heirloom SeedsWest Coast SeedsVictory SeedsSeed Savers ExchangeJohnny’s SeedsFedco SeedsRichters Herb SeedsPinetree Garden SeedsSouthern Exposure Seed Exchange Now let’s find the seed company that suits you best by looking at each seed company individually. 1. Burpee Seeds Burpee Seeds is one of the oldest and most well-known seed companies in the USA. Founded in Pennsylvania in 1876, Burpee has bred some of the most famous vegetable varieties, including Burpee’s Big Boy Tomato, Golden Bantam Corn, and Iceberg Lettuce. Burpee Seeds is also known for introducing reliable naturally-bred hybrid seeds and for its popularization of “Victory Gardens”. Burpee Seeds are available directly on the Burpee Seeds Website, and also through their Amazon Storefront and at Home Depot. 2. Botanical Interests Botanical Interests Seeds & Garden Products offers all untreated, non-GMO seeds. Based in Colorado, they offer a wide variety of seeds packaged with beautiful illustrations, facts, and helpful tips (perfect for gift-giving). The company also supports non-profits school gardens, community gardens, and food banks that promote gardening. Find their seeds for sale on the Botanical Interests website. 3. Hoss Garden Seeds Hoss Garden Seeds is an American garden tool and seed company based in Georgia. They are known not only for their high-quality products but also for their popular “Row by Row” weekly gardening show (streaming on YouTube & Facebook). They carry reliable varieties, including a large offering of All-American Selections winning seeds. Hoss Seeds are available directly from the Hoss Premium Garden Seeds website. 4. Renee’s Garden Seeds Renee’s Garden Seeds is known for its beautiful seed packets and catalog of annual flowers and vegetables. Renee’s Garden seeds are perfect for the home kitchen garden. They also make a beautiful gift due to their lovely packaging. Renee’s Garden has taken the Safe Seed Pledge, meaning they do not sell genetically engineered seeds. For the best selection, order from Renee’s Garden Seeds website. Renee’s Garden seeds are also available at independent nurseries and garden centers throughout USA and Canada. Julia from Julia Dimakos, Gardening Girl says: “Easily at the top of my list for favourite seed companies, Renee’s Garden has the most beautiful selection of flower seeds that I’ve had the pleasure of coming across! Not only are the varieties gorgeous, but the beautiful artwork on all seed packages are a pleasure to behold! I add sweet peas to my kitchen garden, every year. They have a delicious smell and I love walking through my sweet pea covered garden gate, upon entering the garden. Renee’s sweet pea varieties have the sturdiest stems, perfect for bouquets, and the muskiest aromas. 5. High Mowing Seeds High Mowing Seeds are known for offering 100% certified organic seed. Their seed is widely available and is tested for germination rates, disease, and GMO contamination. High Mowing is located in Wolcott, VO, and distributes seeds across the US and Canada. As an organic seed company, High Mowing has taken The Safe Seed Pledge. High Mowing Organic Seeds can be ordered directly from High Mowing and are also sold in these brick-and-mortar locations. 6. Eden Brothers Eden Brothers specialize in hard-to-find flower seeds, herbs, and heirloom vegetable seeds. Based in Arden, NC, Eden Brothers just might be the perfect place to find that rare flower that you remember from years ago but just can’t find locally. Eden Brothers have taken the Safe Seed Pledge and only offer non-GMO seeds. Order directly from…
Best Vegetable Seed Companies
Best Vegetable Seed Companies By the time you poke your first seeds into the ground each spring, you already have huge hopes for the success of your crops. You’ve spent hours planning, weeks waiting, and your soil may reflect years of hard work spent building its fertility. With so much potential in those seeds, you want to buy from a seed company you can trust. So how do you know which have the best seeds and selections? And which follow sustainable practices? To answer these questions, we asked hundreds of gardeners to take our 2011 Seed Company Survey. Our survey group was a well-seasoned bunch: About 65 percent had grown food gardens for more than 10 years. Each respondent picked his or her three favorite vegetable seed companies and then ranked companies based on individual qualities. Ultimately, the survey revealed 15 standout vegetable seed companies, all of which emphasize sustainability. (Join our Gardening Advisory Group to take future surveys.)Top 15 Sustainable Seed CompaniesOur Top 15 list (toward the end of this article) is based on how often the vegetable seed companies were ranked in gardeners’ top three. For our survey takers, it wasn’t just about the seeds. In addition to an array of varieties with consistently high germination rates, they wanted seed companies that provide detailed variety descriptions, growing advice and interesting stories. Genetic integrity was also a top priority. The gardeners we surveyed were deeply concerned about genetically modified (GM) food crops, so we made sure all of the companies here have signed the Safe Seed Pledge — a written commitment to sell only non-GM seed — or made public declarations that they will not knowingly sell GM seeds.Many gardeners said they didn’t know there were more than 100 mail-order seed and plant companies. You can find a national list in our Directory of Companies Offering Mail-Order Seeds and Plants.Superior ratings in multiple categories put Johnny’s Selected Seeds, a company that offers heirlooms, organics and hybrids, in the top spot. “The Johnny’s catalog is accurate and informative without the hype, and I have never had a failed crop from their seed,” wrote a Midwestern gardener with more than 20 years of experience. Others praised Johnny’s “cool tools” and hard-to-find organic gardening supplies, and many said they liked doing business with an employee-owned company.Gardeners want to support preservation of heirloom varieties, so Seed Savers Exchange received high marks for providing unique and nearly forgotten heirlooms. Seed Savers, a nonprofit organization, has “wonderful heirloom seed, a beautiful catalog and a great mission,” wrote a Mid-Atlantic gardener who puts sustainability first. The Seed Savers catalog was rated highly for its variety descriptions and photographs, plus customers said they liked being a part of seed conservation. “They’re outside of the mainstream, consolidated seed-production system, and they have a wonderful community feel to their operation and network,” wrote an organic gardener in the Pacific Northwest. A strong sense of purpose has earned Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds many loyal patrons. A prominent spokesman against GM “Frankenfoods,” founder Jere Gettle has amassed a global selection of rare and worthwhile varieties. “What’s not to love about Baker Creek?” wrote a Mid-Atlantic gardener. “They’re making a hugely positive impact on the world. With all the GM seed obscenities going on, they’re helping make sure humans will be able to eat in the future!” Passions for ethical responsibility and high-quality seeds helped put Seeds of Change, High…
The Complete List of Heirloom Seed Companies in the US by …
The Complete List of Heirloom Seed Companies in the US by State Hi Friends! Below you will find a complete list of heirloom seed companies in the United States, organized by state. Over 100+ heirloom seed companies are included on this list. All of the companies sell at least a portion of heirloom seeds. Many only sell heirloom seeds, and a large portion sell only organic heirlooms. Others sell a combination of open-pollinated, heirloom, and hybrid seeds, Here are some quick definitions (from seedsavers): Heirloom: “A variety that has been passed down through generations.“An heirloom variety must be open-pollinated, but not all open-pollinated plants are heirlooms. While some companies create heirloom labels based on dates (such as a variety that is more than 50 years old), Seed Savers Exchange identifies heirlooms by verifying and documenting the generational history of preserving and passing on the seed.”Open-pollinated: When pollination occurs naturally, for example, by insects, birds, or wind.“Open-pollinated plants are more genetically diverse, which allows plants to slowly adapt to local growing conditions and climate year-to-year. As long as pollen is not shared between different varieties within the same species, then the seed produced will remain true-to-type year after year.” Hybrid: Hybridization is when two different plant species are crossed due to human interventionHybrid varieties, often called F1, “are deliberately created to breed a desired trait.” F1s tend “to grow better and produce higher yields than the parent varieties due to a phenomenon called ‘hybrid vigor’. However, any seed produced by F1 plants is genetically unstable and cannot be saved for use in following years. Gardeners who use hybrid plant varieties must purchase new seed every year. Hybrid seeds can be stabilized, becoming open-pollinated varieties, by growing, selecting, and saving the seed over many years.” –seedsavers I chose not to include very large scale companies that sell predominantly non-heirloom, non-organic seeds. Do you know of a small seed company that sells heirloom seeds that is not included on the list? Comment below or send me an email at [email protected], and I will make sure to add it! *Companies marked with a star are tried and true companies that either myself or someone I know has used, loved, and recommended. A note about GMOs: All of the below companies advertise seeds as non-GMO, this is because all seed companies selling to home gardeners, only sell non-GMO seeds. As a home gardener you do not have to worry about buying GMO seeds, as it is not currently possible Alabama Tasteful Garden | Certified organic seeds | Heflin, Alabama Alaska Foundroot | Mostly organic, open-pollinated seeds that have been proven for Alaskan growing conditions | Alaska Arizona Native Seeds* | Mostly organic, open-pollinated seeds | Tucson, ArizonaTerroir Seeds, Underwood Gardens | Open-pollinated heirloom seeds | Chino Valley, Arizona Arkansas Dan the Seed Guy | Bella Vista, Arkansas California Northern Renee’s Garden | Selection of certified organic, hybrids, open-pollinated, and heirlooms | Felton, CaliforniaPetaluma Seed Bank | Seed bank part of Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds | Petaluma, CaliforniaOpen Circle Seeds | Organic, open-pollinated | Mendocino, CaliforniaRedwood Seeds | heirloom and open-pollinated varieties that perform well in a Mediterranean climate |…
Garden Seeds- Cheap vs Expensive Follow Up …
75 Seed Companies we Recommend Taking a Look at and …
75 Seed Companies we Recommend Taking a Look at and Supporting! – Aurelia’s Garden 75 Recommended Seed Companies These are all companies that we have ordered from at least once within the past 5 years – with more than half of them being ones we order from every year! Hannah Traggis, VP and Grower, Aurelia’s Garden Inc. Order fulfillment and the time it could take to receive your seeds: Keep in mind that the small seed companies are doing the best they can to fulfill orders but, due to COVID, have limitations on how many people can be in their seed packing and fulfillment stations at a time. For example, Fedco has their staff taking shifts 24 hrs per day trying to pack and ship your orders and there are not a lot of them on staff – so a very tired crew is behind that little box or package you receive. These seed companies have been operating like this since the pandemic started so have patience and please support the ‘little guys’ if and when you can! Where does the seed a company sells come from? Note that the larger seed companies such as Johnny’s Selected Seeds, High Mowing, and Burpee’s – sell seeds that are grown all over the world. They do not grow all of their own seeds – they try to grow some themselves – and they also contract with as many American growers as they can. They also often contract with growers overseas to purchase seeds. This is not a bad thing, it is just a fact. There are many incredibly skilled seed farmers across the globe that specialize in the unique art of growing seeds! These seed sources offer a lot of workhorse varieties that our farmers rely on and in that capacity, serve a vital role for our farmers. Please also take a closer look at many of the smaller seed companies on our list. Many of these companies grow much of the seed they sell and, through that process, effectively adapt the varieties they sell to their environment over time. The work of producing high quality seed is challenging enough, the extra work to steward the varieties in a way that leads to regional adaptation, requires additional skill and diligence. Please consider supporting these efforts by purchasing seeds from them! “Regionally Adapted”, “Bioregionally adapted”: keep in mind that while many of the companies below sell varieties that have been selected over the years to grow well in their bioregions, the overall premise of open pollinated seeds is their inherent adaptability to broader conditions. So if you see a really interesting variety from a company in Oregon, go ahead and give it a try! I have had HUGE success with many of these. For example, Adaptive Seeds, a small family farm in Oregon, sells many landrace and heirloom varieties originally from central/eastern Europe, a portion of the world that is climatically very similar to the northeast U.S. \ Northeast Regional seed companies: Turtle Tree Biodynamic seeds, Copake NY – Demeter Certified Biodynamic Seeds – they work to adapt the seeds they sell to our region and also grow many of the seeds they sell. They have also bred many of their own varieties…
The 10 Best Seed Companies For Heirloom And Non-GMO …
The 10 Best Seed Companies For Heirloom And Non-GMO Seeds | Small Footprint Family™ If you’re looking to buy seeds for your vegetable garden from socially responsible seed companies that are not associated with GMOs, Bayer/Monsanto, or any of their subsidiaries, look no farther… Each of the following seed companies provides heirloom, organic or open-pollinated seeds, and has taken the Safe Seed Pledge and tested their stock to be free of GMOs. What is an Heirloom Seed?Why Choose Heirloom Seeds?Heirlooms Have HistoryHeirlooms Are Time-TestedHeirlooms Can Be SavedHeirlooms are Guaranteed Non-GMOWhat About Patented Seeds?The Safe Seed PledgeThe 10 Best Seed Companies for Heirloom and Non-GMO SeedsSeed Savers Exchange (Decorah, IA)Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds (Mansfield, MO)MIGardener (Port Huron, MI)Clear Creek Seeds (Hulbert, OK)Botanical Interests (Broomfield, CO)Peaceful Valley Farm & Garden Supply (Grass Valley, CA)Johnny’s Selected Seeds (Winslow, ME)Fedco Seeds (Waterville, ME)Territorial Seed Company (Cottage Grove, OR)Seeds of Change (Rancho Dominguez, CA) What is an Heirloom Seed? A seed variety is typically considered an heirloom if it is open-pollinated, and existed more than 50 years ago. Heirloom seeds have been grown and saved generation after generation because they have unique and special characteristics that people want—a string bean with a pretty purple-speckled pod instead of plain green, for instance. These desirable seeds are often passed down through families, but a few seed companies and organizations have also helped preserve heirloom seeds and make them more widely available. Why Choose Heirloom Seeds? Heirlooms Have History Because heirlooms are old, many of these seed varieties have interesting histories. For example, ‘Black Watchman’ hollyhock was grown in Thomas Jefferson’s garden at Monticello (and it’s mentioned in texts as early as 1629). Heirlooms Are Time-Tested If so many people have bothered to save a particular plant’s seeds for posterity, you know it must be really special. Heirlooms have been saved and planted across time because of their exceptional flavor, beauty, or hardiness. Heirlooms Can Be Saved All plants need to be pollinated in order to produce seeds. But unlike hybrids or GMOs, all heirloom seeds are naturally open-pollinated by wind or insects, meaning you can save their seeds and they will grow true to type year after year. Heirlooms are Guaranteed Non-GMO All heirloom seeds are non-GMO. GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organism, and means the plants have had their DNA artificially altered in a lab, often with genes from unrelated species it could not naturally breed with. For example, some GMO corn has genes from bacteria that help them resist certain pests. So, by definition, heirloom seeds cannot be genetically modified. What is a GMO and Why Should You Care?The Difference Between Open Pollinated, Hybrid and GMO SeedsHow to Keep Bayer-Monsanto Out of Your Garden What About Patented Seeds? The Plant Patent Act was enacted by the U.S. Congress in 1930. It was introduced primarily to benefit the horticulture industry by encouraging plant breeding and increasing plant genetic diversity. They needed a mechanism to ensure that breeders could make a return on their sizable research and development costs. The two…